The Psychological reason behind why Hindutvadis are openly uncivil, abusive and misogynistic

2021.10.23 04:09 ravishterabaap The Psychological reason behind why Hindutvadis are openly uncivil, abusive and misogynistic

A lot has been written about loutishness and vulgarity of Hindutva supporters in public discourse, particularly in social media. Most of these votaries are anonymous or unknown trolls, but there are also some well-known personalities who are openly expressing communally provocative and utterly offensive views. These Hindutva supporters are not always with low level of education nor their threats and abuse limited to only the social media space of Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp.
It is a fact that most of the academia hold a liberal- and left-to-the-centre views. Left-wingers lean towards compassion, egalitarianism, and individuality, whereas right wingers have a tendency for order, and tradition. Higher level education usually promotes social liberalism and openness to ‘other’ ideas and views. A recent survey finds out eight out of ten university lecturers in the UK are liberal or hold left-wing views.
In a 2013 meta-analysis of 63 studies, led by professor Miron Zuckerman, a correlation of -.20 to -.25 between religiosity and IQ was particularly strong when assessing beliefs (which in their view reflects intrinsic religiosity), but the negative effects were less defined when behavioral aspects of religion (such as church-going) were examined. They note limitations on this since viewing intrinsic religiosity as being about religious beliefs represents American Protestantism more than Judaism or Catholicism, both of which see behavior as just as important as religious beliefs. They also noted that the available data did not allow adequate consideration of the role of religion type and of culture in assessing the relationship between religion and intelligence. Most of the studies reviewed were American and 87% of participants in those studies were from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. They noted, "Clearly, the present results are limited to Western societies." The meta-analysis discussed three possible explanations: First, intelligent people are less likely to conform and, thus, are more likely to resist religious dogma, although this theory was contradicted in mostly atheist societies such as the Scandinavian populations, where the religiosity-IQ relationship still existed. Second, intelligent people tend to adopt an analytic (as opposed to intuitive) thinking style, which has been shown to undermine religious beliefs. Third, Intelligent people may have less need for religious beliefs and practices, as some of the functions of religiosity can be given by intelligence instead. Such functions include the presentation of a sense that the world is orderly and predictable, a sense of personal control and self-regulation and a sense of enhancing self-esteem and belongingness.
Recently, scientific studies have confirmed that people with conservative views tend to score low in intelligence. People with low intelligence are attracted to socially conservative ideologies as it tends to offer structure and order. They also tend to interact less with other racial, religious or ethnic groups as they find it emotionally taxing and mentally draining. Unfortunately, many of the features of the socially conservative ideologies further contribute to prejudices against other groups, creating a vicious cycle. This is what India’s rightwing revolution has witnessed in recent years. Only a person with low intelligence can sincerely believe his or her religion is in danger with having 80 percent of majority in a country and with 70 years of uninterrupted control over country’s political and economic power.
In general, conservatism and intelligence are negatively correlated, but it does not mean all rightwing conservatives are stupid and all left leaning liberals are smart. But this does mean, however, that in a generic pool, right wingers are more likely to occupy the low intelligence spectrum.
It is not unexpected from right-wing supporters with low intelligence to be openly uncivil, abusive and misogynistic. However, when these blinkered views are expressed by highly educated rightwing academics, it can only be explained by their political psychology. Several studies by political psychologists have come into the conclusion in the last one and half decade that the rightwing conservatives and left-leaning liberals are different people at the level of personality and psychology.
Being their cognitive styles are quite different, evidence from a number of laboratories around the world using a variety of methodological techniques have led to almost definite conclusion that rightwing people have a huge negative bias.
The right-wing social conservatives are psychologically more acclimatized to threatening and repulsive incitements in their environments. They have increased epistemic need for order and certainty and intolerance for any change, and suffer from existential concerns such as perceptions of danger and being highly sensitive to threat. Thus, a major part of the right-wing political philosophy in India asks for strong military even at the cost of human rights violation, tough law and order even it leads to innocent minorities and Dalits being killed or jailed, and opposition to ‘outsiders’ even if they are innocent civilians fleeing from persecution. Negative political psychology of a few highly educated rightwing academics and intellectuals, however, helps in giving a semblance of legitimacy to a low-in-intelligence rightwing mob to incessantly occupy the public discourse with their bigoted and misogynistic beliefs and notions.
In taking a critical approach as left-leaning liberals do towards the social order and political authority needs sophisticated and abstract thinking. On the other hand, as John Stuart Mill had written in way back in 1861 to adhere to conservative ideas does not require much intellectual agility or imagination as it works towards upholding tradition and status quo. Unfortunately, an increasing number of academics and intellectuals in India, who even do not suffer from negative bias have succumbed to the trend of taking a mental rest and joining the right-wing revolution of people with low intelligence.
Sources:

  1. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/2017/03/02/eight-ten-british-university-lecturers-left-wing-survey-finds/)
  2. https://scottbarrykaufman.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Psychological-Science-2012-Hodson-0956797611421206.pdf)
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20190318232432/https://theconversation.com/do-smart-people-tend-to-be-more-liberal-yes-but-it-doesnt-mean-all-conservatives-are-stupid-57713
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20190104193851/https://faculty.virginia.edu/haidtlab/jost.glaser.political-conservatism-as-motivated-social-cog.pdf
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20190726002521/https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences/article/differences-in-negativity-bias-underlie-variations-in-political-ideology/72A29464D2FD037B03F7485616929560
  6. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1088868313497266
  7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23921675/
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2021.10.23 04:09 newsfeedmedia1 Fully-vaccinated Rep Glenn Thompson tests positive for COVID-19

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2021.10.23 04:09 lrak3r Bestiary

Anyone has 178/178? Mine is at 177 and I have no idea what is the missing one. As far as I know I have slain everything. Checked my list against the wiki, but I think the wiki is missing a few enemies... Anyway are there even 178 enemy types, or is this an error?
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